Mathematical Revolution of Spam Montgomery
Before making changes to the map of Montgomery, it was a very basic, very dull
road map. It displayed and named every street in Montgomery and listed names for most
of the locations in Montgomery that were well traveled. Highways and interstates were
noted in thicker ink and each had several labels for it that were larger than that of other
roads. For people who are not native to Montgomery, this made it easier to navigate the
city by providing references to the most common entrances into the city.
A listing on the back of the map also made it simple to search each specific street
by name. Each street fell into a specific horizontal x value and vertical y value that were
denoted around the edges of the map. The street names on the back were printed with
their corresponding x and y values so that they could be easily found on the map. Each
horizontal and vertical component covered a set length against the border of the map, and
tiny lines led into the map from these values to form a grid that Montgomery resided
within. With knowledge of the street names that one desired to find, the street names on
the back provided enough information to narrow down the location of the desired street
into one square of the grid.
Although the grid system worked well for finding streets by name, scanning the
map for particular locations was a challenge without prior knowledge of the layout of
Montgomery. Every single street name was typed on the map, and the names of many buildings, areas, neighborhoods, parks, and more were also cluttering the picture. From
reading Writing Spaces, it is plausible to conclude that a map printed for the specific
purpose of finding particular locations would be better suited for a reader to skim over to
find such a location than a driving map (4). For what it is intended for, though, the driving
map is an excellent representation. If the reader of the map already had the address of a
destination that needed to be reached, then it would take little effort to use the input street
name to find the output square on the grid that needs to be reached.
A good map to compare the driving map of Montgomery with is the map of
Natural England. This map contains a key which lists icons for Natural England offices,
national nature reserves, local nature reserves, and much more. The icons are chosen such
that when viewed from a perspective which shows the entire continent, the red and blue
dots seem to dominate much of inland England. Perhaps there actually are tons of nature
reserves and such in England, but the map could have been laid out in a way that
exaggerates the amount of nature in England as a little white lie that the book
How to Lie with Maps explains (1). Each part of the map can be clicked for information on
relevant offices or natural locations in the area. The map is easy to use and navigate
through, but as so much programming and complexity are involved in the map, it can be
slow to load at times.
The site is extremely easy to use. Just clicking on a location in the map brings up
all of its information: the name of the location, its identification number, its reference on
the grid, and the names and contact information of the Natural England teams in the area.
Although the buildings and roads are marked on the map, it gives no information or even
names of streets or landmarks other than the parks and natural areas. The only names on the map besides the offices and natural locations themselves are the names of the districts
and cities within England. This is necessary for users of the map to be able to sift through
the different locations and find their destinations city by city. It is not necessary to include
street names as they are provided upon clicking on chosen locations. The map is very
clear of clutter and is not a burden to look at because everything is simple and laid out for
Though the online map of Natural England has a technological advantage over the
physical map of Montgomery, it is intended to provide much more specified information.
Both maps are exceptional for their individual purposes: the map of Montgomery for
finding commonly visited locations via their street addresses, and the map of Natural
England for searching for teams and contact information regarding the natural reserves of
England within each city.
Two of the many types of locations on the Montgomery map in particular that
stood out were cemeteries and public parks. Though schools, hospitals, memorials, and
many other important locations are displayed on the map, the cemeteries seemed to draw
attention and make for great conversational topics, and the parks seemed numerous and
important yet slightly undermined within the original map of Montgomery. That soon
This is the map of Montgomery after the Mathematical Revolution. Compliments
to the artist’s skill with a highlighter may be few and far between, but mathematicians are
not normally gifted in the fine arts. A line can be drawn through many of the cemeteries
in Montgomery to display a heart that covers most of the map. Many of the parks can be
connected to form the visage of a dragon, though the slightly less than par skills of this particular artist may not have captured that correctly. Regardless of whether the point
came across just right, the cemeteries and parks played into the Mathematical Revolution
Many of the cemeteries in Montgomery converge to shape a heart that surrounds
most of the center of Montgomery. Montgomery has an integral history within America.
It is the capital of Alabama, which was and still remains the largest state provider of
cotton since Daniel Pratt’s industrialization of the South. When the South decided to
secede from the rest of the country, Montgomery was chosen as the first capital of the
newly formed Confederate States of America.
Even after the rebellion was stamped out in the Civil War, Montgomery has still
been a proud city of famed history that is recognized throughout the world. Rosa Parks
decided on December 1st of 1955 that she would not give up her seat at the front of a bus
for a white passenger. Martin Luther King, Jr. had a dream in Montgomery that he shared
in Washington, D.C. August 28th, 1963. Montgomery was the seat of Civil Rights that
Americans still celebrate and strive to better. Many of the cemeteries in Montgomery
are dedicated to such historical figures as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. It is not
surprising that these cemeteries – the physical representations that hold the memories of
Montgomery’s history including industrialization, rebellion, and Civil Rights – make up
the symbolic and even the physical heart of the city of Montgomery. In this map on
Google maps, the historical cemeteries that Google decided to mark show this physical
representation of the Heart of Montgomery. The importance of Montgomery’s history has
not only shaped the lives of the residents of Alabama, but it has affected the hearts of
millions worldwide by stressing the value of equality that America is grounded in.
An essay called Public Park History found online explains much of the origins of
public parks, their uses, and their importance. Early in European history, parks were
established for four main non-agricultural purposes: domestic pleasure, exercise, hunting,
and meetings or celebrations. Today in America, the most common use of public parks is
for the first of these: domestic pleasure. Children and pets alike enjoy the simple
pleasures of a large, open space where they can run and play and bask in the fresh air and
sunlight. Since the Industrial Revolution that is defined in the Encyclopedia Britannica
online, parks emerged as somewhat of an escape from the technologically enhanced urban
areas congested with factories and railroads.
Whereas European monarchs and nobles of Medieval times set up private park
boundaries often for sport or show of their wealth, the rise of technology encouraged the
opening of parks to the public so that the natural world would not be completely lost to
the hustle and bustle of city life. Parks are somewhat of a restorative property that
reminds humans where they come from and what nature’s beauty really looks like. As
simple as that may seem, without the natural aspects introduced by public parks into
urban settings to ease the human conscience, it would be second nature to get lost in
technology and forget the importance of the natural world in the ecosystem which rules
all species indiscriminately. Even humanity can fall to an unbalance in the smallest and
least noticed of life forms on the planet.
To honor the importance of public parks, many of Montgomery’s parks have been
highlighted on the map. Oddly enough, with a bit of imagination, it appears as if many of
the parks on the map could connect to form a sort of constellation of a dragon. Perhaps it
can be linked to the importance of nature. If the parks are disturbed or mistreated, then
the dragon will awake and devastate the ecosystem. To avoid this catastrophe, proper care
must be offered for the dragon. Otherwise, the dragon will awaken to open and cook the
can of Spam which is Montgomery.
The next part of the Mathematical Revolution was inspired by the French
Revolution. The following summary of the French Revolution is courtesy of the World
History 1020 class taught by a professor of Auburn University in Montgomery.
Christianity was overthrown in France in 1789. This revolt against Christianity
was not necessarily due to Atheism or conflicting religions of the French citizens, but it
was more an attempt to free themselves from the oppression, manipulation, and
absolutism of the Catholic church and the rule of the monarch. Christianity at the time
was abused by the monarchies of Europe by justifying the rule of kings by Divine Right.
It was the monarch’s birthright to be the absolute ruler of a nation because he was born to
the ruling family. Kings answered to God and God alone. No mortal could challenge the
authority of a king because it was supposed to have been given him by God. Tyranny was
rampant. Justice was defined only as the king said it was defined. Since medieval times,
certain heroic figures rose to recognition by great deeds. The families of renowned
knights and distinguished military minds who aided kings in solidifying their power were
raised to the status of nobility. Certain men of God would be called to the clergy to
participate in retaining the divine authority of the king. The clergy and the nobility made
up the First and Second Estates of France, which was only about 2% of the population.
The vast majority of France was the Third Estate, comprised of farmers and other
working class families. It was the role of the Third Estate to work their entire lives and
give nearly all of their earnings to the top 2% of the population. No one was allowed to
question this system because the king and the First and Second Estates earned their
authority and privilege by Divine Right.
In 1776, America pulled a stunt that changed the world. America declared
independence from England. They rallied forces from across the vast continent of North
America to defend their self-declared independence from the island nation of England
that essentially founded America via colonization. The French were called upon to assist
the Americans in preserving their newly established country. After knocking the British
on their buttocks, the French returned to France with revolution on their minds. America
defeated the very country that it was born from in the name of liberty and equality. Surely
the French could rally up enough people to overthrow the king and the first two estates.
After all, it was 98% of France against 2%…
Long story short, France revolted. They overthrew royal absolutism and
established their own democratic government much as America had done a few short
years prior. They rid the country of any semblance of the Christianity which oppressed
them, changing the calendar to fit a secular schedule based on ten day weeks and months
named after the characteristics of the weather at the time. They demolished churches and
religious statues that would only remind them of their painful past. The streets that
included Saint or any religious name or term in their names were renamed. Much as the
French replaced the tyranny that Christianity had become in their country with ideals of
brotherly love and royal absolutism with absolute equality, so have the names of Saint
streets in Alabama been replaced with names of the world’s greatest mathematicians.
Again, this is not a movement against Christianity. It is a movement against the tyranny
that corrupt people are manipulating Christianity to be. Great intellectuals are much more stable in mind and in procedure than many of today’s self-proclaimed saints. Isaac
Newton himself proved the existence of God in his studies of Physics and Astronomy,
even if his discoveries contradicted the beliefs that the Catholic Church held to be true.
Newton Park in Prattville, Alabama is dedicated to Isaac Newton, the father of
Calculus and Physics. The streets in Prattville and Montgomery that include Saint (or St.)
at the beginning of their names have been renamed to honor some of the best
mathematicians to ever walk the Earth. Euclid was an ancient Greek mathematician who
was the first to prove that there are infinite prime numbers in existence. Archimedes was
a student of Euclid’s school who was an early anticipator of Calculus and developed by
far the closest calculation of pi in his era. Carl Gauss was a German mathematician who
wrote the Disquisitiones Arithmeticae. Leonhard Euler developed the world’s modern
trigonometry. Bernhard Riemann had poor health and died young, but he inspired the
development of Physics. Henri Poincaré was the father of Topology, but he also did much
work in other fields. Joseph Lagrange was a master of both Number Theory and Analysis.
David Hilbert founded the Formalist school of Mathematics and developed a new system
of definitions and axioms for geometry that replaced the 2,200 year-old system of Euclid.
Gottfried Leibniz was a philosopher, lawyer, historian, diplomat, and renowned inventor
on top of being a famed mathematician who discovered and proved an identity of pi.
Alexandre Grothendieck is famous for his methods to unify different branches of
Mathematics and for proving the Weil Conjectures with his student Pierre Deligne. The
works of these mathematicians and more can be found on the webpage of the Greatest
Mathematicians of All Time.
Each of the aforementioned mathematicians were phenomenal. There were many other men of such caliber that were not mentioned here, also. Mathematicians are among
the most brilliant people who have ever lived, and the Mathematical Revolution is a step
toward the right direction for Montgomery. Instead of basing their lives purely on the
teachings and advice of religious leaders who may or may not be just and righteous,
Christians can learn for themselves the true nature of genius and calculate their own
theories of religion based on their own walks. The Mathematical Revolution is not just
for Christians, though. All peoples can learn and grow from the History that surrounds
them, the nature from which they came and are forever a part of, and the Mathematics
that can inspire greatness in any mind.
Allen, James. The Greatest Mathematicians of All Time. n.p. 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2012.
Anonymous AUM student. Mathematical Revolution of Montgomery. 2012. Auburn University in Montgomery, Montgomery.
Anonymous AUM teacher. World History 1020, Auburn University in Montgomery, Montgomery, AL, n.d. Lecture.
Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2012
Klein, Michael, and Shackelfordand, Kristi. “Beyond Black on White: Document Design and Formatting in the Writing Classroom.” Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing, Volume 2. Library of Congress, 2011. Web. 03 Apr. 2012.
Monmonier, Mark. How to Lie with Maps. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996. Print.
Montgomery. Racine: Seeger Ma[, 2008. Print.
Nature on the Map. Natural England, 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2012.
“Public Park History.” Gardenvisit. Garden Visit, 2008. Web. 03 Apr. 2012.
“Spam.” Spam. Spam, 2012. Can. Everyday. spam spam spam spam